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when plant marijuana seeds outdoor california

As roots develop, the stalk will rise and you’ll begin to see the first iconic fan leaves grow, at which point your cannabis plant can be considered a seedling.

Take meticulous notes on when and how you perform each step, as well as what the weather is like. Other notes can include how much water you give plants, at what intervals, and how much nutrients you give them. Pictures will also give you a better sense of how your plants look along the way.

Once your seed has germinated, or sprouted, it’s ready to be placed in a growing medium, like soil. The tap root will drive down while the stem of the seedling will grow upward.

What are a weed plant’s growth stages?

The growth stages of marijuana can be broken down into four primary stages from seed to harvest:

Marijuana light cycle: 16 hours a day

Everything should be cleaned up, dried, and curing well before the Winter Solstice. Now’s a good time to make your own cannabutter, topicals, or tinctures with all that trim from the harvest. Kick your feet up, relax, and hunker down for the cold, it’s been a long growing season!

Marijuana light cycle: indoor—16 hours a day; outdoor—at least 6 hours of direct sunlight (“full sun”), plus several hours indirect sunlight

End use: What is the end goal for your crop? Are you making concentrates? Producing the best flowers? What affects you are seeking?

When selecting cannabis strains for your outdoor garden there are some things to consider. How big will your plants get? If you have a low fence or nosy neighbors you may not want to grow a Sativa as it can stretch to be fairly tall.

Smell: If you have nosy neighbors or a city ordinance against odor you may not want to grow a strong smelling or “skunky” cannabis plant such as Dream Queen.


There are many soil amenities that can add benefits to your soil in pots or in the ground. Examples are coco coir, worm castings, seabird guano (poop), so you’ll want to consult your local “grow store” for suggestions on soil mixtures.

Most Sativas and hybrids strains do great outdoors because they stretch during their vegetative cycle and have the ability to grow larger in a given time frame, as compared to Indica-Dominant strains.

Next, you’ll need to decide how you will be growing: in soil directly outdoors or in pots/beds outdoors. Keep in mind that attempting to grow directly into the dirt on your property can present a series of problems for the roots, especially if the base of your property is clay. If you plan on planting directly into the ground, it is important to find a flat area to do so, that will allow for good drainage.

Dark Heart carries two different clone types; Heartlet clones and Premium clones. Both types are the same genetics and equal in quality, but differ slightly in size. Click here for more information on our clone types.