PHARMACOLOGY After they have sex, some of the Appalachian women of Virginia and North Carolina take a teaspoonful of seeds from the common weed called Queen Anne’s lace, crush them, stir them 1. Marijuana SeedsMarijuana seeds are praised by alot of young women on social media saying that it act as a contraceptive. To achieve this, they wou We all know what it’s like to spend 60 bucks on a disappointing eighth of weed that’s way too stemm-y and chock full of seeds. While it’s not only a hassle to de-seed and de-stem the sub-par product…
After they have sex, some of the Appalachian women of Virginia and North Carolina take a teaspoonful of seeds from the common weed called Queen Anne’s lace, crush them, stir them into a glass of water and drink the gritty preparation. They say it keeps them from getting pregnant.
As it happens, the same plant grows in rural parts of India’s Rajasthan state and peasant women there chew and swallow the seeds dry. They, too, rely on it as a form of contraception.
Though a world apart today, women in both regions possess knowledge that can be traced back at least 2,500 years — to ancient Greek physicians, including Hippocrates, who prescribed seeds of Queen Anne’s lace as both a contraceptive and as an herbal “morning-after pill.”
In fact, according to John M. Riddle, a historian of medicine at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, who unearthed the tradition, evidence is accumulating not only that the venerable methods do work in animal tests but that the knowledge, use and social acceptance of effective, plant-derived birth control drugs was widespread in the ancient world. Riddle recently published his findings in a book, “Contraception and Abortion from the Ancient World to the Renaissance.”
According to Riddle, herbal birth control created much of the wealth of the Greek city-state of Cyrene on the coast of what is now Libya. Cyrenians collected and exported the sap of a plant that the Greeks called silphion and the Romans silphium. An image of the plant even appears on 5th century B.C. Cyrenian coins.
The Roman naturalist, Pliny the Elder, mentions that silphion cost more than its weight in silver and Hippocrates recorded failed efforts to cultivate the plant in Syria and Greece. So well known was silphion that Aristophanes discusses its cost in one of his plays.
Why was the plant so valued? According to the ancient physician Soranus, “Cyreniac juice,” as he called it, when taken by mouth, would prevent conception or induce an abortion, whichever was needed.
Harvested to Extinction
By the 4th century A.D., however, silphium died out, apparently harvested to extinction. Women seeking an alternative turned to silphion’s close relatives in the giant-fennel family, including asafoetida, a key ingredient in today’s Worcestershire sauce. Though said to be less effective than silphium, asafoetida was cheaper and widely prescribed in the ancient world.
Riddle said ancient documents name many other plants used to regulate fertility. Among the more prominent are pennyroyal, rue, willow, date palm, pomegranate, members of the genus Artemisia (such as wormwood) and myrrh. Such concoctions have usually been dismissed by modern medical experts as ineffectual. But tests on laboratory animals in recent years have proved otherwise.
Although silphium can never be tested scientifically, experiments using crude extracts of asafoetida show that it does something. In rats, for example, it inhibited implantation of fertilized ova at rates up to 50 percent. Extracts of asafoetida’s close relatives were nearly 100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy when given within three days of mating.
According to Norman R. Farnsworth, a pharmacologist at the University of Illinois-Chicago who has collected the evidence for years, experiments on animals show that some 450 plant species worldwide contain natural substances that prevent ovulation, block fertilization, stop implantation or reduce fertility in some other way.
Many plants contain estrogen-like compounds that alter the subtle balance of hormones needed for conception and maintenance of pregnancy. Some have substances that simply make the fallopian tube transport the egg so fast that it enters the uterus before it can be fertilized, and dies because it cannot survive there in that state. One plant, Farnsworth said, simply inhibits an enzyme that the sperm must release to penetrate the egg.
Birth Control by Food
Even foods in an ordinary diet can have contraceptive effects, Farnsworth found — peas, for example. The clue emerged from the fact that in the history of Tibet the population has been stable for periods of up to 200 years. During those times Tibetans subsisted largely on barley and peas. When mice were fed a diet of 20 percent peas, litter sizes dropped in half. At 30 percent peas, the mice failed to reproduce at all.
Because natural birth control chemicals exist in so many plants, it is not unreasonable that ancient peoples would have discovered them, Riddle suggested.
He also proposed that the widespread use of these substances would explain periods in ancient history when the population remained stable or even declined. During the first five centuries A.D., for example, historians estimate that the population of Europe fell from 32.8 million to 27.5 million — in the absence of major wars or epidemics.
The population declines have usually been attributed to infanticide, but there is little documentary evidence of the practice. Instead, Riddle cites evidence from the late J. Lawrence Angel, an anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institution, that the number of births per woman declined. Childbirth can produce scarring or pitting on the woman’s pelvis as the ligaments tear. Angel’s case is controversial, but when he examined skeletons from ancient cemeteries, he concluded from the scarring that women were having fewer children than needed to maintain the population. Less controversial was Angel’s finding that the lifespan of adults was increasing at the same time.
“Women in those days had a lot more control over their reproductive lives than we used to think,” Riddle said. “They had access to things that really worked.”
Farnsworth agrees. “It’s obvious,” he said. “They were having sex at least as much as at any other time and they didn’t have condoms. But you don’t see all these fair maidens getting pregnant every year.”
Why, then, did the knowledge fade away?
Riddle cites two factors. One was the change of medicine from something that virtually anyone could practice to the special province of men with formal training. Since the use of herbal birth control agents was probably in the hands of women, it remained outside the canon of male-administered medicine, passed on by word of mouth and used mainly by those without access to the costlier professional physicians.
A more brutal form of suppression arose during the Middle Ages, Riddle believes: Women who possessed the secrets of fertility control were burned as witches.
“You look at the things witches were accused of,” Riddle said. “Most of them have to do with fertility. They’re accused of causing sterility, babies born dead, causing impotence, miscarriages.” He suspects the “witches” were midwives who dispensed the ancient wisdom. He cites a statement repeated during the Inquisition: “The devil works through herbs.”
Though much of the wisdom of the ancients must have been lost, some clearly survived, as the women of Appalachia and Rajasthan can testify.
Among the hundreds of plants cited in ancient medical and herbal texts as useful for birth control are many that really do work, according to modern tests on animals. Some prevent conception and some abort an early pregnancy. The tests also show that some can be toxic. Among the best documented are those shown here.
* Coin from 6th to 5th century B.C. Cyrene depicting the silphium plant, which was renowned in Greece and Rome as an effective contraceptive. It was harvested to extinction by the 4th century A.D.
* ARTEMESIA or wormwood, was used in Roman times for birth control. Animal studies show it delays ovulation and prevents implantation of the early embryo. It also has toxic side effects.
* QUEEN ANNE’S LACE a member of the wild carrot family, grows in much of the world. To this day women as far apart as India and Appalachia swallow its crushed seeds as a “morning after” concoction.
* PENNYROYAL widely used in ancient times as a tea, contains pulegone, which causes abortion in humans and animals. In 1978 a Colorado woman trying to end her pregnancy died after taking pennyroyal oil (a more concentrated form of the active ingredient).
SOURCES: John M. Riddle, American Numismatic Society, Royal Horticultureal Society
3 Ridiculous Things Used By Women as Contraceptive. Are they Really Effective?
Marijuana seeds are praised by alot of young women on social media saying that it act as a contraceptive. To achieve this, they would boil water with marijuana seeds and drink as tea. It is said that these seeds works like the morning after pill.
According to the studies marijuana is known to lower testosterone levels. Since it only take one sperm to fertilize the egg no matter how low the count is one can still be impregnated.
Furthermore, there’s less evidence that marijuana can effect or delay ovulation. There is no evidence that consuming marijuana seeds can kill the sperm.
2. Coke and Disprin
Another young girl’s favourite, it’s said that these two ingredients act as Contraceptives if you consume them after a night out. And girls also used it to terminate pregnancy.
So, does it really work? NO! these two ingredients don’t work as Contraceptives, if the fertilization and conception has occured it won’t terminate no pregnancy.
It also doesn’t kill sperm.
3. Papaya Seeds
In the olden days, specifically in South Asia unriped papaya was used to prevent and terminal pregnancy. They say that papaya contains contraceptive properties, such as phytochemicals that interfere with progesterone.
It is also believed that these seeds can serve as effective male contraceptive.
Only birth controls like injection and pills are really effective, if you don’t want to get pregnant. People are lazy to go to clinics and pharmacies for contraceptives but tend to believe myths.
MythPuffers: What’s The Deal With Stems And Seeds?
We all know what it’s like to spend 60 bucks on a disappointing eighth of weed that’s way too stemm-y and chock full of seeds. While it’s not only a hassle to de-seed and de-stem the sub-par product, what you’re left with once your eighth is gone seems entirely useless — but somehow you convince yourself to save it all anyway.
It’s been posited by some potheads that seeds and stems contain no THC, taste like shit, and will make you sick or even infertile. More positive stoners, on the other hand, have faith in the byproducts’ heightening abilities and promote the smoking, drinking, and planting of stems and seeds. Obviously when it comes to drugs like marijuana, everyone reacts to these things differently, but that, my friends, is how legends are born. This week’s MythPuffers is seed-and-stem-centric — focusing on not one but three common myths and questions surrounding the two little things potheads dread most.
One of the more popular ways to rid of seeds and stems is to smoke them — un-ground in many cases. One myth that has spurred from the smoking of these stems and seeds is that they will negatively affect your fertility. What? That’s right — some people believe that smoking stems in particular will lessen a male’s sperm count and damage a woman’s ovaries.
While this may seem ridiculous at face value, according to BBC News, a study at Buffalo University has linked chronic marijuana smoking to a lower sperm count among males. Head researcher Dr. Lani Burkman claims that THC is “doing something to sperm” — something which makes the little guys swim too fast so that they end up getting tired before finishing the job. In terms of female fertility, however, results from a separate study are inconclusive.
While this may not be great news for all the pot head dudes out there, it turns out smoking stems and seeds doesn’t really matter because smoking weed in the first place is what affects sperm count. Therefore — since smoking stems tastes disgusting and your sperm is going to die anyway — why not consider something like stem tea?
Not only is stem tea easy to make but, also, if done correctly ,it’s a great way to get rid of saved stems. While some might believe that stem tea is a sham after learning last week that THC is not water soluble, there are several recipes available on the Internet (like this one) which suggest steeping your pot in something fatty, like milk, or for the hard-core tea drinkers, something alcoholic. Although stem tea will not produce a high as strong as one from smoking — leaves, not stems — there are traces of THC in the stalks and thus drinkers will experience mind alterations if the beverage is prepared correctly.
Now that your stems have been taken care of, what about your seeds? One of the most popular myths — or hopes rather — is that planting seeds found in dumpy weed will grow into beautiful marijuana plants.
It probably comes as no surprise that, yes, by planting seeds found in shake, it is possible to grow marijuana plants. While this seems like an attractive idea in theory, what many stoners don’t realize is the time and effort that goes into cultivating reefer. Especially if you’re living in New York, as a college student, there’s nowhere in the city a plant would have access to proper soil and enough sunlight to prosper — this, of course, is a lot for any smoker. Despite the fact that potheads aren’t of the most responsible breed, if your weed is shitty in the first place, why would you even want to reproduce it?
Of course, there are many other ways to deal with pesky stems and seeds that are possibly more affective and slightly more reasonable than stem tea and planting seeds. Green Dragon, for example, is a notorious weed, stem, and seed concoction that MythPuffers will be investigating in the coming weeks — so stay tuned.