You’ll need to think about the pros and cons of growing marijuana indoors or outdoors before you start growing. Then, select the option that works best for you.
Once your marijuana seedlings develop a pair of leaves, they have officially entered the vegetative stage. This is the time when cannabis plants have the singular purpose of growing bigger and stronger in preparation for the coming flowering stage .
?Related: The Growth Of A Cannabis Plant
When thinking about how to grow a small weed plant, the first thing that should come to mind is what you will grow the plant in. Your plant will need a medium that provides the required nutrients for developing picture perfect buds. And, just like grow lights, there are numerous options for grow mediums. Each medium will have its own set of requirements, such as how often you’ll need to water, but in the end, every option is equally capable of producing high yielding cannabis plants.
Another option is hydroponic growing . This process grows cannabis plants directly in water. You can produce very high yields with this method, but there is a steep learning curve, and it is a bit expensive (both time and money-wise) for a single plant.
How do you harvest the buds? Simple, just take some scissors (there are some in the Pot for Pot complete kits ) and clip the buds off the branches on which they are attached! Next, you’ll need to hang them to dry out for 4-5 days, and sometimes perform a final close trimming of small leaves and stems. Then you’ll put your harvested buds into a jar or other sealed container and burp the container (release air and re-seal) every few days for about 2 weeks to cure your buds and make them nice to smoke. You’ve now grown a single marijuana plant, with plenty of weed for you to enjoy!
Germinating cannabis seeds doesn’t always go as planned. Some seeds will be duds. Others will be slow and take longer to sprout. But some will pop quickly and grow rapidly.
Also, autoflower plants are small—perfect for closet grows or any small grow, or growing outdoors where you don’t want your neighbors to see what you’re up to.
Some varieties of cannabis can produce male parts alongside female flowers on the same plant, especially if exposed to environmental stressors. These plants are known as hermaphrodites, and sometimes they can self-pollinate to create seeds.
Autoflowers can be started in early spring and will flower during the longest days of summer, taking advantage of high quality light to get bigger yields. Or, if you get a late start in the growing season, you can start autoflowers in May or June and harvest in the fall.
Once cannabis seeds are mature, the female plant begins to die, and seeds are either dropped to the ground where they grow into new cannabis plants next spring, or the seeds are harvested for processing into seed oil or food products, or stored so they can be sown in the ground later and become the next generation of plants.
Check out Johanna’s full video series on how to grow weed on Leafly’s YouTube .
Remember, once a seed germinates, the real work begins. Sexing, selecting, vegetative growth, flowering, and the eventual harvest all lie ahead.
INDOORS: Lights are set to an eighteen hour day, six hour night light regimen. This doesn’t have to coordinate with the actual daylight hours, you can set it to times of day that suit you. Running electrical equipment during off-peak periods can save you a lot of money.
Indoors humidity control is very important from seed to flower. Leaves aspirate atmospheric moisture as part of their day to day functions. Properly balanced humidity makes for a healthy pest and mould-free environment.
GERMINATION STATIONS: Offering substantial control over the germinating environment germination stations provide humidity, temperature control and can accelerate germination times.
Step 5: The Vegetative Phase Of Cannabis
Outdoors the first stage of flowering can be seen when Summer’s heat has passed and autumn approaches. Indoors you control when the flowering begins by changing the lighting schedule to a twelve hour day, twelve hour night photoperiod.
Like all gardening, cannabis growing is a skill developed over time. It is easy to learn but takes a happily stoned lifetime to master. There is no reason to be intimidated by growing your own. The process is not complicated and can be as inexpensive or expensive as you like.
PAPER TOWEL: Seeds are placed on moistened paper towel on a plate and placed in a warm dark place. Usually covered with plastic or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds have sprouted.
The vegetative phase can last as long as you like. Depending on whether you want lots of small plants taking up your space as with the Sea Of Green grow method. Or, choosing a few larger plants topped and mainlined to produce large flower clusters.