Opioids are extremely habit-forming and can quickly lead to tolerance, physical dependence, and addiction. Opioid withdrawal can occur when stopping cold turkey, resulting in unpleasant symptoms often described as “having a bad flu,” with fever and sweating, nausea and vomiting, muscle aches and pain, and insomnia.
Additionally, people metabolize the poppy seed differently. One study gave poppy seeds to volunteers, and there was a big variation in how much codeine and morphine were excreted in their urine.
Unwashed poppy pods, straw (the pods and stems), and/or seeds are used to create poppy seed tea, which gives an opioid high. The dried pods or straw are ground into a powder and steeped in water. This is a popular way to extract opioids from the poppy.
Addiction and Withdrawal
Tapering off the drugs slowly can help avoid some unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Your best bet is to consult with your physician about how to wean yourself or a loved one from poppy seed tea.
The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), which sets the cutoff values for drug testing, has addressed this issue. DHHS increased the threshold for detecting opiate metabolites in urine to help prevent these false positives, so you or your loved one can safely enjoy a poppy seed bagel.
The opiates that come from the poppy plant include morphine, opium, heroin, and codeine.
Opioids suppress the respiratory system, which can lead to death by respiratory arrest after an overdose of the drug. If someone you care about experiences the following symptoms of opioid overdose, call 911 immediately and stay with the person. Paramedics carry a medication called Narcan (naloxone) that can counter the effects of an opiate overdose.
References to both cannabis and opium appear in veterinary and medical works belonging to the twelfth to thirteenth centuries A.D. onwards. Jayaditya, in his work, Ashwavaidyaka – a treatise on the treatment of horses-makes a reference to opium. This work is considered to have been written some time during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries A.D. Sharangadhara Samhita, a compendium of therapeutics (thirteenth century A.D.), has included medicaments titrated with the fresh extract of bhang. Authoritative Ayurvedic works on materia medica such as Dhanwantari nighantu (eighth century A.D.), Madanapala nighantu (1374 A.D.) and Rajanighantu (1450 A.D.) have described the properties, actions and indications of both cannabis and opium. Bhavamishra (fifteenth century A.D.), a contemporary of Paracelsus, has in his compendium on medicine and therapeutics, Bhavaprakasha, described the properties, actions, indications and formulations of both cannabis and opium. Much later, Ayurvedic medical works have given increasing importance to these two drugs and included them in a large number of formulations.
Opium and cannabis have been employed as therapeutic agents by the Ayurveda and Unani Tibbi systems of medicine for over ten centuries. There is no direct evidence to show that these drugs were recognized by Ayurveda prior to the eighth century A.D. However, a reference in Vartika and Ashtadhyayi of Panini by Katyayana shows that bhang (cannabis) was known in India as early as the fourth and third centuries B.C. The uses of this drug have not been referred to in any contemporary works on medicine. Sushruta (surgeon, about the fourth century B.C.) stated that sura (alcohol) should be used before a surgical operation to produce insensibility to pain. Charaka – the internist – prescribed the administration of one or the other of the alcoholic drinks-viz., sura, sidhu, arishta, madhu, madira or asava – to a full-term pregnant woman, after the extraction of a dead foetus, with a view to making her insensible to pain. There is no reference in the works of these authorities to the use of cannabis or opium as analgesics. This leads to the conclusion that even though bhang (cannabis) was known during the contemporary period, it was not recognized as a therapeutic agent by surgeons and physicians of those times. References too pium are not available in the Vedas, Puranas and early Ayurvedic medical classics such as Charaka Samhita (third to second century B.C.), Sushruta Samhita (fifth to fourth century B.C.), the twin works of Vagbhata (fifth century A.D.) – viz., Ashtanga Hridaya and Ashtanga Samgraha.
The foregoing notwithstanding, Indian legends and traditions have associated cannabis and opium with the Shaivite and Shaktiya cults. Sadhus and yogis belonging to these cults have been known to use either cannabis or opium or both to induce concentration of mind towards meditation on the supreme being. Even so, bhang in particular, prepared in different forms, has been utilized in religious rituals by certain sections of people. In some parts of India, bhang prepared in the form of a syrup is consumed on such festive occasions as Holi and Shivaratri.