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marijuana seed morphology

A cola, also called a “bud site,” refers to a cluster of buds that grow tightly together. While smaller colas occur along the budding sites of lower branches, the main cola—sometimes called the apical bud—forms at the top of the plant.

Branches grow out of the main stem and support fan leaves and buds. Growers often train a cannabis plant by topping branches to create more bud sites.

Fan leaves

Male cannabis plants grow pollen sacs instead of buds. Male plants are usually discarded because you don’t want them to pollinate the females, which will produce seeds—no one wants to smoke buds with seeds in it.

Cannabis plants show their sex by what grows in between their nodes, where leaves and branches extend from the stalk. Pollen sacs will develop on a male plant to spread seeds and stigma will develop on a female to catch pollen. You can see these differences weeks before they actually start serving their purposes in the reproduction cycle. These are known as “pre-flowers.”

The space between nodes is called “internodal spacing” and will give you a sense of whether a plant will grow tall or short.

Although not genetically part of the cannabis plant, mycorrhizae form a mutually beneficial relationship with cannabis roots that helps both species survive and thrive. These fungi appear all throughout nature and form a fascinating symbiotic relationship with up to 90% of plant species.

Although the flowers get most of the attention—and rightly so—every part of this complex species has a critical and interesting function. As a cultivator, it helps to familiarise yourself with the anatomy of the cannabis plant. In doing so, you’ll develop an eye for what your plant requires, what it needs less of, and when to harvest.

FUNCTION

Mycorrhizae ultimately act as an extension of the root system. Not only do they break down organic matter to release nutrients, but they also transport these important molecules from areas plants could otherwise not reach. Ultimately, mycorrhizal fungi play a fundamental role in plant nutrition and soil biology and chemistry.

After liberating nutrients from the substrate, the mycelium uptakes and shuttles them around to plants. Because cannabis roots aren’t capable of this impressive function themselves, they have to “bargain” with the mycelium to access these nutrients. Luckily, plants produce sugars during photosynthesis, and transport many of these molecules down into the roots. Here, they swap these energy-rich exudates for the nutrients they need to fulfil important physiological functions.

Explore our in-depth guide below to see the cannabis plant like never before.

If, on the contrary, the seeds seem too big, this may be caused by a lack of macronutrients during the plant’s growth cycle. As any grower with certain experience will know, calcium deficiencies are corrected by adding calcium and magnesium, a combination that helps reestablish the perfect nutritional balance of plants.

Let’s take the example of Critical + again, one of our permanent bestsellers that has had a resounding success across the world thanks to its outstanding scent, flavour, effect, and yielding capacity.

The size of cannabis seeds

So in this case, an increase in size could be a direct indicator of this addition of calcium and magnesium, which is carried out in order to alleviate that macronutrient deficiency during growth. This has no impact on the plant’s potential for germination, growth, flowering, or yield, nor on the development of the organoleptic properties of the buds (aroma, flavour and effect).

Another aspect that can be misleading is the fact that a ripe, freshly-harvested cannabis seed has a brighter and darker colour than after it’s been packaged for 1 to 2 months.

This article has been conceived to answer all the key questions that we often get asked by clients and growers regarding the physical characteristics of our main product: premium-quality cannabis seeds.