A cola, also called a “bud site,” refers to a cluster of buds that grow tightly together. While smaller colas occur along the budding sites of lower branches, the main cola—sometimes called the apical bud—forms at the top of the plant.
Cannabis really stands out in its flowers—or buds—where unique and intricate formations occur: fiery orange hairs, sugary crystals, and chunky buds enveloped by tiny leaves.
“Herming out,” as some call it, is something that generally happens when a plant becomes excessively stressed. Some stressors include:
A node is a point at which a branch grows off of the main stem, or one branch from another branch. Fan leaves and buds can grow on some nodes, but not necessarily all.
Male cannabis plants grow pollen sacs instead of buds. Male plants are usually discarded because you don’t want them to pollinate the females, which will produce seeds—no one wants to smoke buds with seeds in it.
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Outdoors, most photoperiod strains will transition into flowering as the hours of daylight dip below 15. Thus, a longer flowering period is to be expected. 12-12 is optimal for indoor cultivation. That’s why the flowering-time data on the reverse of most cannabis seed packs reflects bloom periods somewhere between 8–12 weeks.
Sativa cannabis originated in the tropics. As such, these strains respond well to plenty of sunshine and long growing seasons. That said, sativas are less sensitive to changes in daylight hours, as day and night around the equator are about the same length.
How to Avoid Light Pollution When Growing Weed
The main characteristic of photoperiod cannabis is that its growing stages (vegetative, flowering) are influenced by the hours of light plants receive. In contrast, autoflowering plants flower automatically based on age, which also limits their growth.
Fortunately, there are ways to avoid light pollution when growing photoperiod cannabis outdoors: