If you want six total cannabis plants to harvest for buds and are growing from regular seeds, start with about 4 times as many, or 24 seeds. Some won’t germinate and some will turn out to be males, and then you’ll want to discard down to the six best phenotypes. If growing feminized seeds, you can probably start with about twice as many seeds in this case (about 12); a couple won’t germinate, and then discard down to the six best phenotypes.
If you buy a packet of regular seeds, they’ll come with a mix of males and females. A lot of cultivators prefer to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed—essentially inbred—as much as feminized or autoflower seeds. You’ll need to sex out the seeds once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase and discard the males—because they don’t produce buds and will pollenate females, resulting in seeded flowers.
All of this information should be available to you when buying quality seeds.
How many seeds should I buy? Are they all going to survive?
In states with adult-use legalization or a medical marijuana program, you can buy seeds within your own state, either at a dispensary or through a specific seed company’s website.
When growing regular seeds, some won’t germinate and some will have to be discarded because they’ll turn out to be males. With feminized seeds, some won’t germinate, but a higher percentage of them will turn into flowering plants because there won’t be any males.
Some strains also take longer to grow than others. Depending on whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, you may want to grow a quicker marijuana strain if you live in a climate that get cold and wet early in the season. For example, indicas are known for having a shorter flowering time than sativas.
Some strains are easier to grow than others because they are more resistant to mold and pests, so if you’re new to growing, you may want to try an easier strain to start.
The price of cannabis seeds reacts to the market functioning of supply and demand. When the demand for a strain is high and the supply is low, the price rises. You can see that for example cup winners are often more expensive than strains without prizes. Finally, the popularity of a strain plays an important role. Some species are simply more popular than others.
In most cases expensive seeds are the best seeds as these feature the best genetics. You can compare it with cars. Luxury cars with a lot of horsepower and gadgets undergo a more expensive production process compared to basic cars for the big crowd. With cannabis seeds, it’s actually no different.
Besides the production process and the risks that affect prices, genetics are also a very important factor in the determination of the price. Genetics are actually the DNA of the plant and in addition to the environmental factors, genetics determines the degree of potency. Here you can think of the quality of the weed, taste, ripening and yields.
Available stock and demand
On average, a single cannabis seed cost about 10 EUR – 15 EUR (12 USD – 18 USD) each.
When you buy seeds, and you choose the most expensive seeds, you can expect the highest quality. Yet the most expensive seeds are not always the best seeds. How is that possible?
In many countries, also in the Netherlands whereby far the most cannabis seeds are developed, it’s forbidden to grow cannabis plants and there are hefty prison sentences and fines. Yet, to produce cannabis seeds and to meet demand, many plants are needed. Breeders therefore have to take risks.
First of all cannabis seeds have to be bred, but before they can be bred they have to be developed which starts with a lot of research and testing. These processes take years and are costly. Once the strain is stable, the seeds have to be produced. A process that is risky.