You can also minimize headaches and avoid the hassle of seed germination and sexing plants by starting with clones.
Through cloning, you can create a new harvest with exact replicas of your favorite plant. Because genetics are identical, a clone will give you a plant with the same characteristics as the mother, such as flavor, cannabinoid profile, yield, grow time, etc. So if you come across a specific strain or phenotype you really like, you might want to clone it to reproduce more buds that have the same effects and characteristics.
What are feminized cannabis seeds?
These are referred to as “bagseeds” and whether or not you can grow one will depend on where it came from.
A seed has germinated once the seed splits and a single sprout appears. The sprout is the taproot, which will become the main stem of the plant, and seeing it is a sign of successful germination.
One way to avoid sexing plants is to buy feminized seeds (more below), which ensures every seed you plant will be a bud-producing female.
Those who seek to develop flowering cannabis seeds should grow regular or autoflowering strains. When a female becomes pollinated, the plants produce seeds that are then used to produce oil, grain, or viable cannabis seeds.
Conversely, feminized seeds that yield only female plants. When growing exclusively female plants, there is no risk of pollination which means the female plants can produce more cannabinoids and no seeds. A common term for premium, seedless cannabis is sensimilla.
Size and Shape
Test the maturity of seeds before planting to determine if they will germinate.
Healthy cannabis seeds should not crack when applying pressure (for example, when pinching them between fingers). A healthy seed should have a hard outer shell, while an unhealthy grain is softer and less durable.
Cannabis plants are generally dioecious, which means that both male and female plants contribute to repopulation. Cannabis seeds generally develop when a male plant pollinates a female plant. However, occasionally, some cannabis plants develop as monoecious or hermaphroditic, which happens when a single plant produces both seeds and flowers without pollination.
From Day 1 of your marijuana plant’s life to a Smokable Harvest, you’re looking at 8.5 weeks – 7+ Months. Many factors will affect the total time, but the average grow takes 3-4 months.
Strains from warm climates like Haze 1 tend to have long flowering periods before their buds are ready to harvest, adding weeks or months to the time needed. Long-flowering strains often produce higher yields than short-flowering strains because buds have more time to grow.
In order to achieve the shorter 8.5 weeks, you need to choose a fast-finishing strain like Northern Lights and even still, at the low range, you’ll be growing tiny plants that produce just a few grams of smokable harvest.
Depending on how you set up your grow, it can take anywhere from 2 months to 6 months or more to grow a marijuana plant from a seedling to the point where the plant is ready to harvest. Some methods, such as growing hydroponically indoors, give your flexibility to get a harvested plant in as little as 2-3 months. Growing outdoors generally takes longer than growing indoors and is more dependent on when you plant your seeds and how long your growing season is.
Once your plant is harvested, there is a drying and curing process which takes about a minimum of two weeks before your buds are “ready” for use.