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germinating marijuana seeds in soil

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When a seed is exposed to an environment that has sufficient levels of moisture, it will expand slightly and begin to break out of its shell. This broken seed or seedling will continue to pop open until roots develop. Once a root appears you can transfer your seedling to a planting medium. Roots naturally grow downwards by force of gravity, helping the plant absorb all the rich nutrients your soil has to offer and stimulating plant growth upward towards your light source. High quality seeds help ensure that your germination efforts won’t be in vain.

Until you’re ready to begin germinating your weed seeds , remember to store them in a spot that is cool, dry, and dark.

Why do you need to germinate cannabis seeds?

Germinating a seed before planting helps you break down the seed’s natural defenses, to promote a healthy and stable start to the cannabis plant’s life cycle. The hard shell of a marijuana seed protects it from environmental factors which could potentially be harsh or detrimental to its growth. The seed will only make itself vulnerable by popping a root if the conditions are optimal. Germinating marijuana seeds in soil is a viable natural method (more on that later!) but when you choose to germinate your seed before planting you’ll be able to make sure it pops correctly, weeding out any unhealthy seeds that might yield insufficient seedlings. Pre-soil germination also allows you to carefully position your freshly popped seeds with the new root facing down in the planting soil. Germinating your marijuana seeds is a crucial step that will help give your plant the best chance for success!

There are several ways to effectively germinate cannabis seeds, and each method requires adequate moisture, warm controlled temperatures, and as little human interference as possible. Ultimately the best germination method is the one that works the best for you! Trying out a range of techniques and observing their effects can be a rewarding way to explore cannabis cultivation, but we’ll give you an overview of the most common ways to germinate weed seeds.

Have you decided you want to begin your home grow journey, but aren’t sure how to germinate marijuana seeds ? Germination is the first stage of the cannabis life cycle, the process that brings a marijuana seed from its latent period into its growth stage. Sometimes known as “popping” seeds, germination begins when a seed is exposed to environmental factors that prompt it’s growth cycle, letting the seed know that the conditions are right for it to try and flourish. Unsure where to buy your cannabis seeds for germinating ? Check out our guide for the top Cannabis Seedbanks in the US.

Your growing pots will need to be placed in a damp climate that is within the temperature range listed under our golden rules. After 4–10 days, you should see a young seedling sprout, while the roots will have begun to develop underneath the soil. The entire plant and its soil can now be transferred to a larger pot, where normal growing routines should start.


Three fundamental principles will trigger that first small taproot to appear: warmth, moisture, and darkness. With the promise of moisture, a single root will take shape before slowly developing into the cannabis plant we know and love. In the right conditions, seeds will begin to develop within 12–36 hours of moisture being introduced to them.


Start by filling pots with a premium-quality soil that has been soaked in water. Many growers also choose to lace the water with a root stimulator. Make a hole roughly 10–15mm deep. This will be your seed’s new home. Remove the seeds from their packet and place them into the pre-dug holes. Loosely cover the seeds, but be careful not to compress the soil above the seed too much. The root will struggle to penetrate solid soil, slowing plant growth. Lightly spray the top of where you placed the seed so that your growing medium stays moist.

The soil pots will need small holes (roughly 10–15mm deep) for the newly germinated seeds to be placed into. Once the seeds are secure, you will want to place a fluorescent light 13–15cm (5–6 inches) away to encourage growth. Finally, don’t risk overwatering your seeds at this early stage. Use a plant mister to make sure they stay damp but not soaking wet.

Planting directly into your growing medium prevents having to move seeds when they are at their most fragile. That first root tip is covered with microscopic filaments that are easily damaged. Given that both a cup full of water and moist paper towels are more prone to temperature fluctuations from their environment, planting in soil is a much safer option.

Small, fragile, and in desperate need of a helping hand, there are several ways you can germinate your cannabis seeds. All methods have varying degrees of success, with both advantages and disadvantages. It is important to note that even with advanced growing expertise and top-of-the-line equipment, you may still end up with a few failed seeds. This is a natural part of dealing with a living organism. At Royal Queen seeds, we only sell feminized cannabis seeds, so there is no need to worry about removing male plants.