CBD oil for dogs with digestive issues is effective. Click here to find out why it's effective and how to choose the best CBD oil. There are many reasons that they may be having these digestive issues. Some of these issues can easily be fixed with medication, and sometimes these issues need extensive veterinary care. What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Dogs What Causes IBD in Dogs? Which dogs get IBD? Diagnosing Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment Options for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs What do you feed a dog with IBD? Preventing the Development of Inflammatory Bowel Disease How CBD Oil Helps IBD IBD is a chronic en
CBD Oil for Dogs with Digestive Issues
CBD oil can help dogs with digestive issues. Studies show CBD oil can be effective in decreasing inflammation in the intestines, which is the leading cause of digestive issues such as inflammatory bowel disease. In addition to easing inflammation, CBD oil can also relieve anxiety, which can solve the diarrhea symptom of digestive issues. Learn more about CBD oil for dogs with digestive issues to ensure your pup receives the best gastrointestinal care.
The Effects of Cannabinoids on Digestive Health
An upset stomach can be caused by many factors. Eating the wrong thing, intestinal inflammation, and irritable bowel syndrome are just a few of them. The good news is that CBD (cannabinoids) is effective in solving many issues in the gastrointestinal tract.
CBD is a natural remedy that has anti-inflammatory properties leading to a reduction in abdominal pain. By easing the stomach, it can stop vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.
In addition to the effects it has on an upset stomach, it can also help with relieving chronic pain throughout the body, including joint pain. Senior dogs often experience joint pain and chronic pain, which is why cannabinoids are often used on that dog population the most, especially due to the low risk of side effects.
Improving immune system health is another benefit in addition to solving digestive problems. Cannabinoids supply the endocannabinoid system so that it can function optimally which relieves the immune system from having to work as hard. This keeps the immune system ready to act on any foreign bodies to keep the body healthy.
Please be aware. Do not attempt to treat your dog with natural remedies before discussing any issues with the vet. Gastrointestinal issues can be a sign of a bigger medical issue that may need additional treatment. Only after discussing this option should you start this natural remedy.
The Effects of CBD Oil on the Digestive System
Many studies have found that cannabinoids are beneficial to the digestive tract of humans and dogs because they act on the endocannabinoid system.
In a study by AA Izzo and AA Coutts, “Pharmacological modulation of the endogenous cannabinoid system could provide a new therapeutic target for the treatment of a number of gastrointestinal diseases, including nausea and vomiting, gastric ulcers, secretory diarrhea, paralytic ileus, inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, and gastro-oesophageal reflux conditions.”
The researchers identified the following during their study:
In the digestive tract there is evidence for the presence of high levels of endocannabinoids (anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol) and enzymes involved in the synthesis and metabolism of endocannabinoids. Immunohistochemical studies have shown the presence of CB1 receptors on myenteric and submucosal nerve plexuses along the alimentary tract. Pharmacological studies have shown that activation of CB1 receptors produces relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter, inhibition of gastric motility and acid secretion, as well as intestinal motility and secretion. In general, CB1-induced inhibition of intestinal motility and secretion is due to reduced acetylcholine release from enteric nerves. Conversely, endocannabinoids stimulate intestinal primary sensory neurons via the vanilloid VR1 receptor, resulting in enteritis and enhanced motility. The endogenous cannabinoid system has been found to be involved in the physiological control of colonic motility and in some pathophysiological states, including paralytic ileus, intestinal inflammation and cholera toxin-induced diarrhoea. Cannabinoids also possess antiemetic effects mediated by activation of central and peripheral CB1 receptors.
The gastrointestinal system is activated by the cannabinoids that CBD oil contains, increasing the health of the system and relieving issues.
Dogs That Can Use CBD Oil for Stomach Problems
All dogs can use a CBD supplement for stomach problems. It’s not the CBD itself, it’s the amount and quality of the oil that matters.
Small breed dogs, medium breed dogs, and large breed dogs can use CBD products to relieve digestive problems. Simply alter the amount given based on body size.
How Much CBD Oil Should You Give a Dog with Digestive Issues
ALWAYS contact your veterinarian when you start any supplement for the first time.
With that being said, the recommendation is to give dogs 1-3 mg per 10 pounds of body weight.
When looking at CBD for dogs, be sure to understand how much is in each one. Usually, the amount listed on the CBD bottle is the entire amount – not per dose amount.
For instance, if you have a 30ml bottle and it says there is 600mh CBD hemp oil – that means that the bottle contains 600 milligrams.
Pet parents of all breeds can use the above bottle by giving their pup the right amount from the bottle. A 50-pound dog should only receive a .25 ml dose because that contains 5mg of CBD.
High-Quality CBD Hemp Oil – The Best CBD Oil
Pet parents shopping for CBD hemp oil will quickly learn there are many sellers online and in the community. Not all CBD products are the same.
Choosing the best CBD oil is very important when looking to reach the health benefits of the natural remedy. Just like with any product, the source has a lot to do with the outcome. Organic hemp plants or organic cannabis plants are the best for quality oil. They have been grown without harmful chemicals.
A good way to know if you’re choosing CBD from a good quality cannabis plant or hemp plant is to look for full-spectrum CBD oil (also known as broad-spectrum). When you purchase full-spectrum CBD oil, you are receiving multiple cannabis plant extracts, including essential oils, terpenes, and other cannabinoids, such as cannabinol. It’s like a one-stop shop for cannabinoid oil.
Be aware that full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD oil contains up to 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the cannabinoid in cannabis plants that creates the high feeling people often associate with cannabis (marijuana).
Just because full-spectrum cannabinoid oil contains THC, it does not mean that a dog will get high from it. Actually, the amount is so small they do not experience any effects from the THC at all.
How Often to Give a Dog Hemp Oil or Cannabis Oil
Pet owners either give their dog hemp oil or cannabis oil on an as-needed basis or regularly, especially in the case of dogs with sensitive stomachs. When a dog has inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome, a daily dose may be required to keep symptoms at bay.
Daily CBD supplements are beneficial in many ways as they can not only solve gastrointestinal issues but can ward off other medical concerns, including cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Dogs susceptible to inflammation may need to receive a daily dose of hemp oil or cannabis oil to benefit from the anti-inflammatory properties. Pet owners may be able to discontinue after identifying what is causing the inflammation and it is no longer a concern.
How Long Does It Take to Work
CBD oil can start working in just 30 to 45 minutes. The amount of time it takes to be effective depends on factors such as body weight, dose, and how often the dog receives a dose.
How to Administer CBD Oil to a Dog
It’s quite easy to administer CBD oil to a dog. Pet owners can simply use a dropper to put the oil on the tongue.
Many pet parents put the dose in a dog’s food. It’s important to ensure all of the dog’s food is eaten so a full dose is received.
CBD dog treats are available. Most dogs enjoy them, but they may not be easy to use if a dog is nauseous or vomiting. In that case, oil is likely best.
Can CBD Oil Help with Dog Digestive Issues?
Is your dog vomiting or having GI issues? There are many reasons that they may be having these digestive issues. Some of these issues can easily be fixed with medication, and sometimes these issues need extensive veterinary care.
CBD can often help your dog’s stomach feel much better and decrease their nausea.
Why is my dog showing signs of nausea?
There are many different issues that your dog may have that may be seen as vomiting or nauseous. These are some of the most common reasons that your dog may be nauseated.
- Bloat: Large, deep-chested dogs can bloat. This is also called gastro dilation and volvulus (GDV). This is when their stomach flips over and becomes bloated. This is due to your dog eating food fast than being very active. Dogs will bloat, causing them to vomit and have trouble breathing. If you notice this in your dog, this is an emergency that will require emergency surgery to correct.
- Kidney failure: When your dog gets older, their kidney stops working as they should. Common signs of kidney failure are increased urination, increased thirst, vomiting, lethargic, and not eating. If you notice any of these signs in your dog, take them to your veterinarian, and they can run bloodwork to see the reason for these signs. There is also medication and supplements your pet cat take to help the kidney’s function more properly
- Liver failure : Just like with kidney failure, a dog’s liver can also cause problems when they age. Liver failure will cause your dog to vomit. Dogs can also have liver failure if they eat something toxic. There are many plants and human medications that are toxic to a dog’s liver. Dogs with liver failure will have a yellow color to their skin, inside of their ears and gums. If you notice any of these problems in your dog, take them to your veterinarian.
- Heat Stroke: If your dog has spent a lot of time outside during the hot summer, they can suffer from heatstroke. IF your dog has heatstroke, they may vomit. If you notice your dog outside in the heat of summer and they are vomiting, take them to your veterinarian or closest emergency clinic for treatment. Heatstroke can leave irreversible damage if not treated early enough.
- Change in diet: Your dog’s intestines get used to the same kind of food. When you switch food on your dog, they may start to vomit. This is nothing to worry about and should fix itself in a few days.
- Parasites: Parasites can be another common reason that your dog is vomiting. If your dog is vomiting from parasites, many of the times, there are worms in their vomit. If you see worms in your dog’s vomit, contact your veterinarian, and they can prescribe your dog some medication to get rid of these worms.
- Motion Sickness: If your dog starts to drool and only vomits when they are riding in the car, they may have car sickness. There are medications that you can give your dog to help with car sickness. Your veterinarian can prescribe these medications for you to give your dog about 30 minutes before a car ride.
- Pancreatitis: If your dog got in the trash or snuck a few extra bites from the table, they may develop pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. This small yet mighty organ lives near the stomach and small intestines. If your dog has pancreatitis, they will be vomiting. They are also very painful in the upper abdomen. There is bloodwork that your veterinarian can run to check your dog for pancreatitis. If your dog is diagnosed with pancreatitis, usually a few days of bland food and some medication will have your dog back to their happy lifestyle.
- Eating a foreign object: Dogs are notorious for eating things that they should not be eating. They commonly find a pair of socks or underwear and eat them. This usually ends up getting stuck in the GI tract. If you think that your dog has eaten something they should not have, take them to your veterinarian to have them check for a possible foreign object. Your veterinarian can take radiographs to see if there is anything stuck. If there is your dog will most likely need to have surgery to have the object removed.
- Toxic ingestion: If your dog eats a toxic, plants, bugs, and human medication, they may vomit or become nauseated. This can also cause problems with the liver and kidneys. If you think that your dog ate a toxic substance, call your veterinarian. The quicker you treat the problem, the better the outcome for your dog.
Symptoms of Digestive Issues
There are many symptoms that would indicate that your dog has digestive issues. These are some of the most common reasons that you may need to see a vet.
- Loss of appetite
- Lethargy and weakness
- Dehydration, displayed by discolored urine and excessive water intake
- Drooling and dry heaving
If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it would be best to see your vet. They can start your dog on medication to help decrease their vomiting and nauseous and help with any digestive issue that they may have.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and How CBD Can Help
IBD is a chronic enteropathy that can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs and cats. The term IBD refers to the many conditions characterized by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract such as food-responsive, antibiotic responsive, steroid response cases, or those who are immune suppressed.
The small intestine, large intestines, or both can be affected by the disease. Lymphocytes and plasmacytes are two of the most common cells found in this area; eosinophils, macrophages and neutrophils show up less often than that but on occasion they will too.
IBD in dogs can make life painful and dangerous for your dog as well as very upsetting for you. Treatments can be stressful for both of you, and they can potentially make matters worse. Inflammatory Bowel disease (IBD) in dogs can be managed and prevented, depending on the cause, and CBD oil can help with both the managing and aid in preventing. Read on to inflammatory bowel disease in dogs and make life much better for you and your dog.
It is unknown exactly what causes IBD in dogs, but it may be triggered by various factors. It’s been noted that many healthy dogs and cats are exposed to the same triggers as those with IBD but never develop symptoms of illness. We’ll take a closer look at these potential contributing influences on gut inflammation in this article before discussing diagnostics, treatment options, and outcomes-based off recent studies done in light of the latest research available.
What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Dogs
Inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, is an overgrowth of inflammatory cells in the bowel. This can be caused by several gastrointestinal diseases.
It is a serious illness, potentially resulting in malabsorption, chronic vomiting, diarrhea, blood or mucus in stools, gas, excessive abdominal sounds, and less often, loss of appetite, weight loss, depressed mood, and fever.
The condition may vary from better to worse to better over time, a sort of ebb and flow. So, don’t rule it out or delay treatment just because it’s not constant.
IBS, irritable bowel syndrome, is largely a human condition. It shares symptoms with IBD, so it is understandable to be confused, but the cause is different. IBS is a mental condition that affects the digestive system and does not involve inflammation. IBD is a physical disease at the root.
Colitis in Dogs
Colitis is a common intestinal disease in dogs that consists of inflammation of the intestines and/or colon.
Its primary symptom is frequent, watery stools. The dog will likely seem to need to go very badly and need to go often. They will likely strain to go. It is not uncommon for there to be blood, mucus, or fat in the feces. Vomiting is less common, but not unusual. Weight loss doesn’t normally occur.
Thankfully, the prognosis for colitis is very good.
Gastritis in Dogs
Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach, and it may be acute or chronic.
Symptoms include vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, dehydration, increased thirst, lethargy, depression, blood in the vomit, blood in the feces, and/or weight loss.
Acute varieties may heal themselves. Chronic conditions fair better or worse depending on the cause.
Enteritis in Dogs
Enteritis is inflammation of the small intestine that may be caused by parasites, allergies, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, lethargy, abdominal pain, fever, dehydration, and tarry stools.
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the condition. They may be treated for dehydration and/or given anti-diarrhea medications. Food may be withheld for a short time and then slowly reintroduced.
What Causes IBD in Dogs?
If your dog shows symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, prepare to answer certain questions for the vet. They will want to know about the dog’s diet, allergies, potential exposure to toxins, medications, signs the dog has a weakened immune system and the dog’s stress level. Vets are not 100% sure what all causes inflammatory bowel disease, but research and experience connect it to problems with the immune system along with exposure to threats such as bacteria, mold, fungi, parasites, toxins, antibiotics, and substances the dog is allergic to. It can also be genetic. Stress is a factor.
Sometimes injuries and swallowing foreign objects can cause inflammatory bowel disease in dogs. Be sure to tell the vet if you are aware of either of these things happening, or there is reason to think it likely it did, such as a toy is missing.
Dogs can get enteritis after having radiation treatments. It would be considerate of the licensed vet to give you a heads up about that potential while giving the radiation treatments.
Which dogs get IBD?
Any dog can get IBD, but some dogs are more prone to developing it than others.
The risk increases with age, and middle-aged and senior dogs develop the condition most frequently.
Some breeds are genetically more disposed to get it: Basenjis, French Bulldogs, Irish Setters, and Lundehunds.
Dogs with a weakened immune system and/or high stress level have an increased chance of developing inflammatory bowel disease.
None of these things means a dog is guaranteed to get inflammatory bowel disease, just that they are more likely to than your average dog, and taking precautions could ward it off.
Diagnosing Inflammatory Bowel Disease
IBD in dogs is a difficult disease to diagnose. It can’t be diagnosed on physical examination, history, fecal checks or radiographs and it’s absolutely necessary for these tests to rule out other diseases that may present with similar clinical signs like parasitic infections in the gut, intestinal foreign bodies (e.g., swallowed objects), liver disease or kidney problems among others – not forgetting cancer which might also cause IBD-like symptoms.
Dogs diagnosed with IBD severely may be experiencing protein loss through their intestines. This can lead to the dog’s body becoming rundown and a long-term prognosis of death being even more likely than before when combined with other factors, such as low blood proteins levels. An Intestinal Biopsy will ultimately be necessary for diagnosis which typically includes an endoscopy or surgical biopsy depending on the severity of symptoms from the patient history.
After examining the biopsy samples, your pet’s pathologist will confirm whether or not canine IBD is present in their body. This information can help tell you how to plan for treatment and get an idea of what may lie ahead.
Treatment Options for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs
Treatment options vary depending on the cause of IBD in dogs.
Parasites and infections could be treated directly, and the symptoms of the disease should subside. Anti-parasitic or antibiotic medications may be given. Probiotics are a natural way to treat bacterial overgrowth infections and may be good for dogs with a mild case or who can’t use other treatment options. Anti-inflammatory CBD oil might work for both parasites infections, but consult your licensed vet about trying it and be prepared to take a more aggressive approach if the dog doesn’t rapidly improve.
Depending on how sick the dog is, they may need additional help treating the symptoms while the cause is eradicated. A very dehydrated dog may need to stay with the vet to get rehydrated or they may be given anti-diarrheal medications to reduce this symptom while the gi tract inflammation and the cause of it are addressed.
If a dog has had IBD, it can easily come back or may never fully go away, but it can usually be managed so the dog can live a normal life. Most dogs live a long and relatively rich life after being treated for IBD. They should be treated early though to ensure their health doesn’t decline so much that an individual bout of dehydration, weight loss, nutrient deficiency, or infection kills them or causes permanent damage. You also need to know the cause in case there is an underlying condition that needs to be treated, such as an infection of some kind.
For mild cases, and/or ones that seem to be caused by food allergies, the vet may start the dog on a special diet as the only treatment. They may recommend a certain store-bought or homemade dog food. The best dog food for IBD will be part of a hypoallergenic, low-reside, or a high-fiber diet. It may take eight to twelve weeks to see results.
Sometimes anti-inflammatory drugs are given, but vets try to limit their use because they have considerable side effects which can exacerbate symptoms of the disease, such as diarrhea, or cause ulcers, kidney disease, liver disease, or death.
Because the dog’s Gi tract is inflamed due to an immune response, vets may suggest for the most serious cases that the dog take immunosuppressive drugs. This of course, will be weighed out by the concerns of your dog running around with a suppressed immune system.
A bit of trial and error may be necessary to determine what treatment works for your dog. It may take several treatments used in tandem to get the IBD under control.
What do you feed a dog with IBD?
Dog’s diet can affect its life expectancy; it has been observed that people who adopt some form of raw or home-cooked diet are more likely to live longer than those on commercial diets, as they tend not only include higher levels of essential fats but also provide an adequate intake of micronutrients such as antioxidants – which prevent cells being damaged by free radicals – and prebiotics (i.e., organisms including bacteria) whose presence promotes healthy gut flora balance throughout the large and small intestine.
Dog food with a high protein content is best for recovering from IBD. In recent years, many pet owners have been making the switch to organic dog foods due to their quality ingredients and lack of additives that may cause irritation in dogs suffering from this condition.
Preventing the Development of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
It may be possible to prevent IBD in dogs by eliminating potential causes. Using fewer cleaning chemicals and pesticides can reduce their contact with toxins, checking their diet for potential allergens and toxins also limits contact, and helping your dog maintain a strong immune system and lower stress level will make them better able to fight off triggers.
How CBD Oil Helps IBD
CBD oil can help dogs manage their IBD when no traditional treatment methods help them or can be used. It makes a great addition to help a dog deal with the side effects of medications.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a chemical extracted from the hemp plant that boasts similar results to medical marijuana. It has not been as widely tested as marijuana, but it is showing great promise at not only doing the same things but doing them better. You see, marijuana has cannabidiol in it, but it also has a lot of THC, the “high” causing chemical, and it can make one feel powerfully better, but often in the short term and can leave the user with a crash. Cannabidiol doesn’t do that. It is more of a subtle enhancer for the body’s own natural functions and as a natural anti-inflammatory.
This works because humans and dogs have an endocannabinoid system that makes its own cannabinoids. Yes, right now, you and Fido are generating your own cannabinoids, and their balance plays a huge role in your health and well-being. These cannabinoids are not always functioning as they should, and external cannabinoids like CBD can boost their functionality.
CBD boasts a staggering number of health benefits, but here are the ones for IBD:
- powerful anti-inflammatory properties
- maintaining a healthy appetite
- relieving stress
- alleviating pain
- supporting a healthy immune system
- promoting healthy bowel movements
- providing additional nutrients
As you might have noticed, CBD’s list of benefits may tackle inflammatory bowel disease both where it begins, how it works, and in what it causes.
For the dogs that must take these medications, CBD can also help reduce the side effects from traditional medications, side effects that make them feel weak, have a poor appetite, suffer depressed mood, have diarrhea, and suffer a weakened immune system. These side effects may reduce their quality of life or threaten their ability to keep taking the medication. Giving your dog CBD oil before they are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease could even prevent them from ever getting it. CBD oil treats may also help with reducing stress or improving the immune system in a more palatable form for your pup. And it’s natural with hardly any side effects. If you give a dog an excessive amount of CBD, they may become sedated or experience loss of appetite and diarrhea. That’s it. Granted, you don’t want to exacerbate their diarrhea, but that doesn’t happen with regular dosing. And it’s a far less scary list of side effects than what comes with most of the prescription medications they can take. You know they’re scary when doctors wait until the most serious cases to give them.
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, St. Georges University
Sara Redding Ochoa, DVM was raised in north Louisiana. She graduated from LA Tech in 2011 with a degree in animal science. She then moved to Grenada West Indies for veterinary school. She completed her clinical year at Louisiana State University and graduated in 2015 from St. George’s University. Since veterinary school she has been working at a small animal and exotic veterinary clinic in east Texas, where she has experience treating all species that walk in the hospital. In her free time, she likes to travel with her husband Greg, bake yummy desserts and spend time with her 4-legged fur kids, a dog Ruby, a cat Oliver James “OJ”, a rabbit BamBam and a tortoise MonkeyMan.
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